Madrid, España
Alejandra Soviagez

Yoga Hatha : an easy yoga for beginners

Yoga Hatha : an easy yoga for beginners

Five centuries before Christ Yoga Hatha was created becoming the most traditional Yoga from which today emanate the other types such as the Bikram or Vinyasa among others. He was born in South India in the old school of Nath and it is attributed to Goraksha Nath leaving in his extensive work many related writings on how to carry out this activity.

The Hatha Yoga

In the past, Yoga focused more on the spiritual part and most postures were performed seated. It was about integrating basic aspects of our person such as the physical, mental, emotional, social and spiritual in a harmonious way. Gradually postures were introduced to dynamize the practice and thus achieve a deeper connection with the mind. In the 20th century, Yoga was modernized by being considered an accessible method to strengthen the body, taking in the 1930s the form that Yoga has today. Another important fact was the mixture of East and West that provoked the creation of new postures. In the 60’s Western countries have more interest in India and that is when they begin to open the first classes of Yoga in the United Kingdom and expanding later to the whole world.

Hatha Yoga is one of the most complete types of yoga as it works the body and mind and is also one of the most recommended for beginners because the pace is moderate. Today, Hatha Yoga has become the most widespread in the West as it is a way of exercising our muscles and has been introduced in numerous gyms as a class to go to.

The objective is the execution of different asanas to harmonize body and spirit. It is an energetic Yoga where six steps must be followed: the physical asanas or postures, the prana or control of the vital energy, the pratyahara or introspection, the dhyana or meditation, the samadhi or integration and the dharana or concentration. Originally the word Hatha is composed of two words Ha which means sun and Tha which means moon. Being two opposite but complementary terms, we realize that Hatha Yoga unites opposite and complementary energies that will help us to stabilize our spirit.

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La ventaja es que no se necesita casi nada para poder practicarlo: basta con una esterilla y un lugar bien ventilado. Sin embargo, para debutar en el Yoga Hatha se recomienda hacerlo de la mano de un instructor que podrá corregir las posturas e introducirte en el mundo del Yoga.

A Yoga class is quite complete and consists of performing a series of asanas accompanying the breath to promote flexibility and relaxation. Today, modern practice focuses more on the physical to provide flexibility and strengthen muscles.

Everyone can start in Hatha Yoga as it is an introductory modality to yoga where the figures that are performed are quite simple. For example, we have the Goat Posture, the Triangle Posture, the Arch Posture, the Camel Posture, the Grasshopper Posture, among others. If you want to include some postures focused more on meditation, you will resort to the Posture of the Child, the Posture of the Tree, the Posture of the Cadaver or the Posture of the Lotus. Once we have acquired these postures correctly we will be able to continue advancing towards other more complex Yoga postures.

A key point of this practice is to have a proper routine where the breathing is controlled, a good warm-up is done and exercises of flexion and extension, torsion and lateral inclination are carried out. Without forgetting to practice meditation and relaxation. The success is to introduce Yoga in one more routine of our day to day to see a real change in our lifestyle. The attitude with which we face this practice is fundamental because it is not about being competitive but to be constant, patient and cultivate respect, kindness and attention that dictates our interior.

Among the benefits of performing Hatha Yoga are the reduction of stress, improved body posture, greater flexibility and physical and mental strength. Being a connection between body and mind helps us to improve physical problems to achieve mental and psychological stability.

Hatha Yoga is highly recommended for pregnant women. During these sessions, ideal relaxation exercises are carried out to combat the mood swings and tensions experienced in this state. As the Yoga Hatha exercises are focused on breathing and toning the muscles especially those of the pelvis make it a perfect exercise for preparation for childbirth. Hatha Yoga classes for pregnant women should be held in the company of an instructor who will know how to guide future mothers to perform the postures that are most beneficial for them and their babies.

What is clear is that thanks to the execution of the asanas and the breathing the connection between body and mind is activated, thus flowing towards positive thoughts. If done alone Yoga helps us to connect with ourselves while on the contrary its done in society helps to connect better with our body and the energy of others. In the West the competitive factor is more latent than the oriental tradition based on the inner being but the practice of Yoga Hatha leads to an elevation of the individual and requires great mental control so whether it is competitive or not this practice can help us channel our emotions while we are freeing our mind from all negative aspects such as stress, factors of our personality (egoism, ego …). In the physical part our muscles are strengthened and we enjoy greater flexibility, our circulatory system improves thus becoming a highly recommended practice.


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